Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Rosado-Souza, L,Scossa, F,Chaves, IS,Kleessen, S,Salvador, LFD,Milagre, JC,Finger, F,Bhering, LL,Sulpice, R,Araujo, WL,Nikoloski, Z,Fernie, AR,Nunes-Nesi, A
2015
September
Planta
Exploring natural variation of photosynthetic, primary metabolism and growth parameters in a large panel of Capsicum chinense accessions
Published
()
Optional Fields
Capsicum Natural genetic variation Pepper Photosynthesis Primary metabolism Respiration ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA ENZYME-ACTIVITIES FRUIT-SET MOLECULAR REGULATION SINK STRENGTH PLANT-GROWTH TOMATO FRUIT PEPPER CULTIVARS PATTERNS
242
677
691
Collectively, the results presented improve upon the utility of an important genetic resource and attest to a complex genetic basis for differences in both leaf metabolism and fruit morphology between natural populations.Diversity of accessions within the same species provides an alternative method to identify physiological and metabolic traits that have large effects on growth regulation, biomass and fruit production. Here, we investigated physiological and metabolic traits as well as parameters related to plant growth and fruit production of 49 phenotypically diverse pepper accessions of Capsicum chinense grown ex situ under controlled conditions. Although single-trait analysis identified up to seven distinct groups of accessions, working with the whole data set by multivariate analyses allowed the separation of the 49 accessions in three clusters. Using all 23 measured parameters and data from the geographic origin for these accessions, positive correlations between the combined phenotypes and geographic origin were observed, supporting a robust pattern of isolation-by-distance. In addition, we found that fruit set was positively correlated with photosynthesis-related parameters, which, however, do not explain alone the differences in accession susceptibility to fruit abortion. Our results demonstrated that, although the accessions belong to the same species, they exhibit considerable natural intraspecific variation with respect to physiological and metabolic parameters, presenting diverse adaptation mechanisms and being a highly interesting source of information for plant breeders. This study also represents the first study combining photosynthetic, primary metabolism and growth parameters for Capsicum to date.
10.1007/s00425-015-2332-2
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