Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Morris, C. , Szczupak, B. , Klymchenko, A.S., Ryder, A.G.
Study of water adsorption in Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) thin films using fluorescence emission of 3-hydroxyflavone probes.
Optional Fields
Fluorescence Polymer Thermoresponsive Humidity
The noncontact measurement of water uptake in microscale (1-100 μm), thermoresponsivepoly(N-isopropylacrylamide) thin films is challenging.Weassessed the efficacy of three different 3-hydroxyflavone (3-HF)-based fluorophores to monitor water uptake in pNIPAM thin films close to the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) at 25 and 37 C. These 3-HF fluorophores undergo excited-state intramolecular proton transfer, yielding emission from normal (N*) and tautomeric (T*) excited-state forms. The emission intensity ratio, log(IN*/IT*), andN* band position are environmentally sensitive. Water adsorption in pNIPAMthin films follows a nonlinear, two-phase process: at low relative humidity, the adsorbed water disrupts polymer-fluorophore hydrogen bonding, yielding small changes in log(IN*/IT*) ratios and overall intensity; at higher relative humidity, these intensity parameters (but not fluorescence lifetime) change dramatically, indicating a larger change in local polarity. These probes are thus sensitive indicators of water uptake in pNIPAM.
Grant Details
Research Frontiers Grant 07/RFP/MASF423
Publication Themes