Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Masalaite, A,Remeikis, V,Garbaras, A,Dudoitis, V,Ulevicius, V,Ceburnis, D
2015
May
Atmospheric Research
Elucidating carbonaceous aerosol sources by the stable carbon delta C-13(TC) ratio in size-segregated particles
Published
WOS: 14 ()
Optional Fields
Aerosol particles Carbon isotopes Carbon isotopic ratio Source apportionment Isotopic mass balance equation BIOMASS BURNING AEROSOL AMBIENT AIR-POLLUTION SOURCE APPORTIONMENT PARTICULATE MATTER ISOTOPIC COMPOSITION CHEMICAL-CHARACTERIZATION ATMOSPHERIC PARTICLES NUMBER CONCENTRATION ULTRAFINE PARTICLES ALPHA-DICARBONYLS
158
1
12
Carbonaceous aerosol sources were investigated by measuring the stable carbon isotope ratio (delta C-13(TC)) in size-segregated aerosol particles. The samples were collected with a micro-orifice uniform deposit impactor (MOUDI) in 11 size intervals ranging from 0.056 mu m to 18 mu m. The aerosol particle size distribution obtained from combined measurements with a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS; TSI 3936) and an aerosol particle sizer (APS; TSI 3321) is presented for comparison with MOUDI data. The analysis of delta C-13(TC) values revealed that the total carbonaceous matter in size-segregated aerosol particles significantly varied from -23.4 +/- 0.1 parts per thousand in a coarse mode to -30.1 +/- 0.5 parts per thousand in a fine mode. A wide range of the delta C-13(TC) values of size-segregated aerosol particles suggested various sources of aerosol particles contributing to carbonaceous particulate matter. Therefore, the source mixing equation was applied to verify the idea of mixing of two sources; continental non-fossil and fossil fuel combustion. The obtained delta C-13(TC) value of aerosol particles originating from fossil fuel combustion was -28.0 to -28.1 parts per thousand, while the non-fossil source delta C-13(TC) value was in the range of -25.0 to -25.5 parts per thousand. The two source mixing model applied to the size-segregated samples revealed that the fossil fuel combustion source contributed from 100% to 60% to the carbonaceous particulate matter in the fine mode range (D-P 2 mu m). The particle range from 0.5 to 2.0 mu m was identified as a transition region where two sources almost equally contributed to carbonaceous particulate matter. The proposed mixing model offers an alternative method for determining major carbonaceous matter sources where radiocarbon analysis may lack the sensitivity (as in size-segregated samples). (c) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
10.1016/j.atmosres.2015.01.014
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