Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Broderick, B. J. O'Connell, S. Moloney, S. O'Halloran, K. Sheehan, J. Quondamatteo, F. Quinlan, L. R. O. Laighin G
Physiological Measurements
Comparative lower limb hemodynamics using neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) versus intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC).
Optional Fields
electrical stimulation, hemodynamics, muscles, thrombosis, veins
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a life threatening condition and a serious concern among hospitalised patients, with death occurring in approximately 6% of cases. Intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) is commonly used for DVT prevention, however suffers from low compliance and issues of usability and portability. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been shown to improve lower limb hemodynamics but direct comparison with IPC in terms of hemodynamics is rare but very important to determine the potential effectiveness of NMES in DVT prevention. Lower limb IPC was compared to calf NMES, in 30 healthy volunteers (1823 years). Each intervention was carried out on each leg, on the popliteal vein measured using Doppler ultrasound. All interventions produced significantly greater haemodynamic responses compared to baseline. Calf- IPC and NMES produced significant increases in venous blood velocity (cm/s) and volume of blood ejected per cycle (1 cycle of NMES expels 23.22 ml compared to the baseline ejected volume of 2.52 ml, measured over 1 s (p < 0.001 versues baseline).
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