Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Golden, N,Morrison, L,Gibson, PJ,Potito, AP,Zhang, CS
2015
January
Applied Geochemistry
Spatial patterns of metal contamination and magnetic susceptibility of soils at an urban bonfire site
Published
WOS: 8 ()
Optional Fields
HEAVY-METALS RUSSIAN STEPPE FOREST SOILS MORANS-I POLLUTION SEDIMENTS CHINA CITY AUTOCORRELATION TEMPERATURES
52
86
96
Bonfires are a major pollution source in urban soils, but there is a lack of knowledge about the impacts and spatial extent of bonfires on soil metal concentration and magnetic properties. In this study, a total of 379 soil samples were collected from a traditional bonfire site on a 1 x 1 m(2) grid system and analysed for total metal concentration and low frequency magnetic susceptibility (MS chi(If)). High resolution maps of the spatial distribution of Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb, Sr, Ti, Zn and MS chi(If) were created and a significant relationship between each of the metals and MS chi(If) was revealed. Elevated levels of each metal were observed, with median and maximum values of 68 and 1117 mg kg (1) for Cu, 114 and 985 mg kg (1) for Pb and 561 and 21 681 mg kg (1) for Zn in particular, indicating the site may pose a significant health risk. The spatial patterns were generally consistent, with Zn and Fe in particular, encompassing the position of bonfires. The spatial extent of influence of bonfires was estimated at approximately 10 m, in line with the extent of bonfire materials. In addition, laboratory based experiments involving soil colour and the effect of temperature on MS chi(If) indicated that bonfires only raise soil temperatures to a maximum of 300 degrees C, having little effect on MS chi(lf). The results of this study indicate the importance of metal contamination associated with bonfires in urban soils. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
10.1016/j.apgeochem.2014.11.004
Grant Details
Publication Themes