Polymer-free stents, dissolution, diffusion, drug release, nanoporous materials
In this paper we provide the first model of drug elution from polymer-free arterial drug-eluting
stents. The generalised model is capable of predicting the drug release from a number of polymer-free systems including those that exhibit nanoporous, nanotubular and smooth surfaces. We
derive analytical solutions which allow us to easily determine the important parameters that
control the drug release. Drug release profiles are provided, and we offer design recommendations
so that the release profile may be tailored to achieve the desired outcome. The models presented
here are not specific to drug-eluting stents and may also be applied to other biomedical implants
that use nanoporous surfaces to release a drug.