Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Kent, EM,Breathnach, FM,Gillan, JE,McAuliffe, FM,Geary, MP,Daly, S,Higgins, JR,Dornan, J,Morrison, JJ,Burke, G,Higgins, S,Carroll, S,Dicker, P,Manning, F,Malone, FD
2011
October
American Journal Of Obstetrics And Gynecology
Placental cord insertion and birthweight discordance in twin pregnancies: results of the national prospective ESPRiT Study
Published
WOS: 17 ()
Optional Fields
birthweight discordance placental cord insertion twin pregnancy UMBILICAL-CORD RISK-FACTOR PERINATAL OUTCOMES GROWTH GESTATIONS MORTALITY DOPPLER FETAL
205
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of noncentral placental cord insertion on birthweight discordance in twins.STUDY DESIGN: We performed a multicenter, prospective trial of twin pregnancies. Placental cord insertion was documented as central, marginal, or velamentous according to a defined protocol. Association of the placental cord insertion site with chorionicity, birthweight discordance, and growth restriction were assessed.RESULTS: Eight hundred sixteen twin pairs were evaluated; 165 pairs were monochorionic, and 651 pairs were dichorionic. Monochorionic twins had higher rates of marginal (P = .0068) and velamentous (P < .0001) placental cord insertion. Noncentral placental cord insertion was more frequent in smaller twins of discordant pairs than control pairs (29.8% vs 19.1%; P = .004). Velamentous placental cord insertion in monochorionic twins was associated significantly with birthweight discordance (odds ratio, 3.5; 95% confidence interval, 1.3-9.4) and growth restriction (odds ratio, 4; 95% confidence interval, 1.1-14.3).CONCLUSION: Noncentral placental cord insertion contributes to birthweight discordance in monochorionic twin pregnancies. Sonographic delineation of placental cord insertion may be of value in antenatal assessment of twin pregnancies.
10.1016/j.ajog.2011.06.077
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