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O'Dwyer, V,Burke, G,Unterscheider, J,Daly, S,Geary, MP,Kennelly, MM,McAuliffe, FM,O'Donoghue, K,Hunter, A,Morrison, JJ,Dicker, P,Tully, EC,Malone, FD
2014
October
American Journal Of Obstetrics And Gynecology
Defining the residual risk of adverse perinatal outcome in growth-restricted fetuses with normal umbilical artery blood flow
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adverse perinatal outcome fetal growth restriction umbilical artery Doppler MANAGEMENT
211
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the cause of adverse perinatal outcome in fetal growth restriction (FGR) where umbilical artery (UA) Doppler was normal, as identified from the Prospective Observational Trial to Optimize Pediatric Health (PORTO). We compared cases of adverse outcome where UA Doppler was normal and abnormal.STUDY DESIGN: The PORTO study was a national multicenter study of >1100 ultrasound-dated singleton pregnancies with an estimated fetal weight 95th centile or end-diastolic flow was absent/reversed. Adverse perinatal outcome was defined as a composite of intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, necrotizing enterocolitis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, sepsis, or death.RESULTS: In all, 57 (5.0%) of the 1116 fetuses had an adverse perinatal outcome. Nine (1.3%) of 698 fetuses with normal UA Doppler had an adverse outcome, compared with 48 (11.5%) of 418 with abnormal UA Doppler (P <.0001). There were 2 perinatal deaths in the normal group and 6 in the abnormal group (P = .01). The perinatal deaths in the normal group were 1 case of pulmonary hypoplasia after prolonged preterm rupture of the membranes from 12 weeks' gestation and a case of placental abruption. Gestation at delivery was 33 +/- 3 vs 31 +/- 4 weeks (P = .05) and mean birthweight was 1830 +/- 737 vs 1146 +/- 508 g (P = .001) in the respective groups. Neonatal sepsis was the commonest adverse outcome in both groups: 0.1% and 0.4%, respectively (P = .01).CONCLUSION: Adverse perinatal outcome is uncommon in FGR with normal UA Doppler. The cases we identified were associated with heterogenous pathologies. FGR with normal UA blood flow is a largely benign condition.
10.1016/j.ajog.2014.07.033
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