Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
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Popper, ZA,Ralet, MC,Domozych, DS
2014
October
Annals Of Botany
Plant and algal cell walls: diversity and functionality PREFACE
Published
Optional Fields
Arabidopsis thaliana arabinogalactan protein callose cellulose synthase cell wall Ceratopteris richardii C-Fern extracellular matrix Fucales glucuronoarabinoxylan glycoprotein haustoria hyaline bodies Miscanthus mixed-linkage glucan Orobanchaceae pectin pectin methylesterase Penium margaritaceum pollen ripening root rhamnogalacturonan I rhamnogalacturonan II seed coat xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase Zea mays CHAROPHYTE GREEN-ALGAE RICHARDII C-FERN ARABINOGALACTAN-PROTEIN PENIUM-MARGARITACEUM CERATOPTERIS-RICHARDII ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA STABLE TRANSFORMATION EVOLUTION TRAFFICKING NETWORK
1043
1048
Background Although plants and many algae (e. g. the Phaeophyceae, brown, and Rhodophyceae, red) are only very distantly related they are united in their possession of carbohydrate-rich cell walls, which are of integral importance being involved in many physiological processes. Furthermore, wall components have applications within food, fuel, pharmaceuticals, fibres (e. g. for textiles and paper) and building materials and have long been an active topic of research. As shown in the 27 papers in this Special Issue, as the major deposit of photosynthetically fixed carbon, and therefore energy investment, cell walls are of undisputed importance to the organisms that possess them, the photosynthetic eukaryotes (plants and algae). The complexities of cell wall components along with their interactions with the biotic and abiotic environment are becoming increasingly revealed.Scope The importance of plant and algal cell walls and their individual components to the function and survival of the organism, and for a number of industrial applications, are illustrated by the breadth of topics covered in this issue, which includes papers concentrating on various plants and algae, developmental stages, organs, cell wall components, and techniques. Although we acknowledge that there are many alternative ways in which the papers could be categorized (and many would fit within several topics), we have organized them as follows: (1) cell wall biosynthesis and remodelling, (2) cell wall diversity, and (3) application of new technologies to cell walls. Finally, we will consider future directions within plant cell wall research. Expansion of the industrial uses of cell walls and potentially novel uses of cell wall components are both avenues likely to direct future research activities. Fundamentally, it is the continued progression from characterization (structure, metabolism, properties and localization) of individual cell wall components through to defining their roles in almost every aspect of plant and algal physiology that will present many of the major challenges in future cell wall research.
10.1093/aob/mcu214
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