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Mandatory Fields
Zafar, H,Enfield, J,O'Connell, ML,Ramsay, B,Lynch, M,Leahy, MJ
Skin Research and Technology
Assessment of psoriatic plaque in vivo with correlation mapping optical coherence tomography
WOS: 9 ()
Optional Fields
psoriatic plaque psoriasis optical coherence tomography correlation mapping microcirculation imaging BLOOD-FLOW PHOTOACOUSTIC MICROSCOPY MICROCIRCULATION RESOLUTION SKIN
Background/PurposeVascular abnormalities play an acute role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. In order to characterize vascular involvement in psoriasis and its regular clinical assessment in vivo, non-invasive high speed imaging with high resolution and high sensitivity is needed.MethodsThe correlation mapping optical coherence tomography (cmOCT) technique was used for in vivo microcirculation imaging of human forearm under normal and psoriatic conditions. The cmOCT technique developed by our group uses dense scanning OCT image acquisition and post-processing software based on correlation statistics. The frequency domain OCT system was used for imaging which acquires a 3D volume of 1024x1024 A-scans, each of 512 pixels deep in approximately 70s. The cmOCT technique processes the resulting OCT volume within 116 s using a 7x7 kernel.Results3D structural and functional (microcirculation) maps of the healthy tissue and the psoriatic plaque were obtained using the cmOCT technique. The presented results indicate that cmOCT allows not only the identification of the microvessels, but also produces more detailed microvascular networks showing how the blood vessels relate to each other in healthy tissue and within the plaque. The microcirculation pattern within the plaque is totally different from the healthy tissue. The distinct changes are also observed in vessel density, tortuosity, and orientation.ConclusionThe cmOCT provides high sensitivity and imaging speed for in vivo microcirculation imaging within the human skin under normal and diseased conditions.
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