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Walsh S, Lee J, Stokes M
Sigmoid volvulus after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. An unusual complication.
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Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the standard surgical technique for treating symptomatic gallbladder disease. Intestinal obstruction after laparoscopic cholecystectomy is unusual. We present the case of a 37-year-old man who underwent routine laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis using an American four-port technique. He was well 24 h postoperatively and was discharged. He presented 36 h later with clinical features of bowel obstruction. A sigmoid loop was seen on a plain abdominal radiograph. Laparotomy revealed distension of the large and small bowel to the level of the rectosigmoid junction and a sigmoid volvulus. This was reduced by releasing adhesions to lengthen the sigmoid mesentery. A primary sigmoid resection and anastomosis was not attempted due to luminal discrepancy and lack of bowel preparation. The patient underwent interval sigmoid colectomy 2 weeks later. A sigmoid volvulus following laparoscopic cholecystectomy has not been previously reported. It may be related to the induction of the pneumoperitoneum, combined with the lateral tilt of the table and a long redundant sigmoid colon. This case expands the range of potential complications associated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy and illustrates the need for continued vigilance after apparently routine procedures.
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