This literature review forms part of the work of the project entitled ‘Developing
Competencies and Professional Standards for Health Promotion Capacity Building in
Europe (CompHP). The CompHP Project 1 aims to identify, agree and publish core
competencies for health promotion practice, education and training in Europe. This
review provides an overview of the international and European literature published on
the development of competencies for health promotion, with reference to work in
related fields. The methodologies and processes commonly used in the development
of competencies are reviewed. The evolution of health promotion and how it is
currently practiced and by who, and the differences between countries regarding the
understanding and practice of health promotion, public health and health education is
also addressed in the context of identifying and agreeing core competencies.
Contextual and critical issues arising in this field of work are outlined and discussed.
The findings of the review will form the basis for developing a framework and a
consensus building process for health promotion competencies development in