Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Howard, S,Hughes, BM
2013
October
Biological Psychology
Type D personality is associated with a sensitized cardiovascular response to recurrent stress in men
Published
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Optional Fields
Type D personality Cardiovascular adaptation Gender Cardiovascular reactivity CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS VITAL EXHAUSTION SOCIAL SUPPORT REACTIVITY ADAPTATION GENDER HABITUATION MORTALITY
94
450
455
The present study sought to examine the role of gender and Type D personality on cardiovascular reactivity to stress, by examining patterns of cardiovascular adaptation to recurrent laboratory-based stress. Cardiovascular data were collected from 76 students who, following an initial 10-min baseline period, underwent two cognitive stress tasks. Type D personality was assessed using the 16-item Type D scale. Adaptation of cardiovascular response to recurrent stress was examined by scrutinizing the changes in systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and heart rate (HR) across the procedure. Female participants and non-Type D males showed cardiovascular habituation to recurrent stress. For Type D males, however, cardiovascular sensitization was evident. The results implicate Type D personality in maladaptive cardiovascular responses, particularly in men, highlighting a possible direct mechanism of psychosomatic cardiovascular pathogenesis. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.09.001
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