Book Chapter Details
Mandatory Fields
Murray, J., Lynch, E.P., Domínguez‐Alonso, P. & Barham, M.
2016 September
Azokh Cave and the Transcaucasian Corridor
Chapter 2 - Stratigraphy and Sedimentology of Azokh Caves, South Caucasus
Dordrecht: Springer.
New York
In Press
Optional Fields
Azokh Cave, Lesser Caucasus, Stratigraphy, Depositional history, Middle Pleistocene.
The Pleistocene to Holocene stratigraphy of sediments from three entrance passages to Azokh Cave, Lesser Caucasus, is presented. The larger Azokh 1 passage preserves approximately 11-12 m of in situ cave-fill, divisible into nine stratigraphic units based on their sedimentary characteristics. The base of the succession (Units IX to VI) is predominantly non-fossiliferous, but becomes both fossiliferous and calcareous upwards and displays evidence of fluvial and cave spall deposition. The upper part of the succession (Units V to I) is a (largely) continuous calcareous sequence of generally fossiliferous fine-grained sediments dating from the Middle Pleistocene to the present. The Pleistocene-Holocene transition is not represented in the succession due to a marked erosional disconformity between Units II and I (at the top of the sequence). The entrance passage to Azokh 2 contains a fill of at least 1.65 m depth that is divisible into two units, the uppermost of which contains several hearth layers and produced human remains dated to 1.2 ka. The interior of Azokh 5 has revealed at least 4.5 m of cave-filling sediment, which is divisible into five stratigraphic units (A-E). Unit A, at the top of the sequence, has produced charcoal which provided an age of 2.3 ka and sits with marked discontinuity on the irregular surface of Unit B below. The ages of the units beneath this level are unknown at present.
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