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Caldana, C.,Degenkolbe, T.,Cuadros-Inostroza, A.,Klie, S.,Sulpice, R.,Leisse, A.,Steinhauser, D.,Fernie, A. R.,Willmitzer, L.,Hannah, M. A.
2011
September
High-density kinetic analysis of the metabolomic and transcriptomic response of Arabidopsis to eight environmental conditions
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67
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869
884
The time-resolved response of Arabidopsis thaliana towards changing light and/or temperature at the transcriptome and metabolome level is presented. Plants grown at 21 degrees C with a light intensity of 150 mu E m(-2) sec(-1) were either kept at this condition or transferred into seven different environments (4 degrees C, darkness; 21 degrees C, darkness; 32 degrees C, darkness; 4 degrees C, 85 mu E m(-2) sec(-1); 21 degrees C, 75 mu E m(-2) sec(-1); 21 degrees C, 300 mu E m(-2) sec(1)(-); 32 degrees C, 150 mu E m(-2) sec(-1)). Samples were taken before (0 min) and at 22 time points after transfer resulting in (8x) 22 time points covering both a linear and a logarithmic time series totaling 177 states. Hierarchical cluster analysis shows that individual conditions (defined by temperature and light) diverge into distinct trajectories at condition-dependent times and that the metabolome follows different kinetics from the transcriptome. The metabolic responses are initially relatively faster when compared with the transcriptional responses. Gene Ontology over-representation analysis identifies a common response for all changed conditions at the transcriptome level during the early response phase (5-60 min). Metabolic networks reconstructed via metabolite-metabolite correlations reveal extensive environment-specific rewiring. Detailed analysis identifies conditional connections between amino acids and intermediates of the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Parallel analysis of transcriptional changes strongly support a model where in the absence of photosynthesis at normal/high temperatures protein degradation occurs rapidly and subsequent amino acid catabolism serves as the main cellular energy supply. These results thus demonstrate the engagement of the electron transfer flavoprotein system under short-term environmental perturbations.The time-resolved response of Arabidopsis thaliana towards changing light and/or temperature at the transcriptome and metabolome level is presented. Plants grown at 21 degrees C with a light intensity of 150 mu E m(-2) sec(-1) were either kept at this condition or transferred into seven different environments (4 degrees C, darkness; 21 degrees C, darkness; 32 degrees C, darkness; 4 degrees C, 85 mu E m(-2) sec(-1); 21 degrees C, 75 mu E m(-2) sec(-1); 21 degrees C, 300 mu E m(-2) sec(1)(-); 32 degrees C, 150 mu E m(-2) sec(-1)). Samples were taken before (0 min) and at 22 time points after transfer resulting in (8x) 22 time points covering both a linear and a logarithmic time series totaling 177 states. Hierarchical cluster analysis shows that individual conditions (defined by temperature and light) diverge into distinct trajectories at condition-dependent times and that the metabolome follows different kinetics from the transcriptome. The metabolic responses are initially relatively faster when compared with the transcriptional responses. Gene Ontology over-representation analysis identifies a common response for all changed conditions at the transcriptome level during the early response phase (5-60 min). Metabolic networks reconstructed via metabolite-metabolite correlations reveal extensive environment-specific rewiring. Detailed analysis identifies conditional connections between amino acids and intermediates of the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Parallel analysis of transcriptional changes strongly support a model where in the absence of photosynthesis at normal/high temperatures protein degradation occurs rapidly and subsequent amino acid catabolism serves as the main cellular energy supply. These results thus demonstrate the engagement of the electron transfer flavoprotein system under short-term environmental perturbations.
0960-74120960-7412
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