Book Chapter Details
Mandatory Fields
C. S. Garbe, A. Rutgersson, J. Boutin, B. Delille, C.W. Fairall, N. Gruber, J. Hare, D. Ho, M. T. Johnson, G. de Leeuw, P. D. Nightingale, H. Pettersson, J. Piskozub, E. Sahlée, W. Tsai, B. Ward, D. K. Woolf, and C. J. Zappa
2013 November
Transfer Across the Air-Sea Interface, in Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions of Gases and Particles
Transfer across the air-sea interface
Springer Earth System Sciences
Heidelberg
In Press
1
Optional Fields
The efficiency of transfer of gases and particles across the air-sea interface is controlled by several physical, biological and chemical processes in the atmosphere and water described here (including waves, large- and small-scale turbulence, bubbles, sea spray, rain and surface films). For a deeper understanding of relevant transport mechanisms several models have been developed, these range from conceptual models to numerical models. Most frequently the transfer is described by various functional dependencies of the wind speed, more detailed descriptions need additional information. The study of gas transfer mechanisms uses a variety of experimental methods ranging from laboratory studies to carbon budgets, mass balance methods, micrometeorological techniques and thermographic techniques.  Different methods resolve the transfer at different scales of time and space; this is important to take into account when comparing different results. Air-sea transfer is relevant in a wide range of applications, for example, local and regional fluxes, global models, remote sensing and computations of global inventories. The sensitivity of global models to the description of transfer velocity is limited; it is however likely that the formulations are more important when the resolution increases and other processes in models are improved. For global flux estimates using inventories or remote sensing products the accuracy of the transfer formulation as well as the accuracy of the wind field is crucial.
10.1007/978-3-642-25643- 1_2
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