Conference Publication Details
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Unterscheider, J,Daly, S,Geary, MP,Kennelly, MM,McAuliffe, FM,O'Donoghue, K,Hunter, A,Morrison, JJ,Burke, G,Dicker, P,Tully, EC,Malone, FD
Optimizing the definition of intrauterine growth restriction: the multicenter prospective PORTO Study
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY
2013
April
Published
1
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definition intrauterine growth restriction perinatal morbidity and mortality small for gestational age
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the Prospective Observational Trial to Optimize Pediatric Health in Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR) (PORTO Study), a national prospective observational multicenter study, was to evaluate which sonographic findings were associated with perinatal morbidity and mortality in pregnancies affected by growth restriction, originally defined as estimated fetal weight (EFW) 95th centile, absent or reversed end-diastolic flow). Adverse perinatal outcome, defined as a composite outcome of intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, necrotizing enterocolitis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, sepsis, and death was documented for all cases.RESULTS: Of 1116 fetuses, 312 (28%) were admitted to neonatal intensive care unit and 58 (5.2%) were affected by adverse perinatal outcome including 8 mortalities (0.7%). The presence of abnormal umbilical Doppler was significantly associated with adverse outcome, irrespective of EFW or abdominal circumference measurement. The only sonographic weight-related definition consistently associated with adverse outcome was EFW <3rd centile (P = .0131); all mortalities had EFW <3rd centile. Presence of oligohydramnios was clinically important when combined with EFW <3rd centile (P = .0066).CONCLUSION: Abnormal umbilical artery Doppler and EFW <3rd centile were strongly and most consistently associated with adverse perinatal outcome. Our data call into question the current definitions of IUGR used. Future studies may address whether using stricter IUGR cutoffs comparing various definitions and management strategies has implications on resource allocation and pregnancy outcome.
ARTN 290.e1
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