Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Waters, PS,Fennessey, PJ,Hynes, N,Heneghan, HM,Tawfick, W,Sultan, S
J Endovasc Ther
The Effects of Normalizing Hyperhomocysteinemia on Clinical and Operative Outcomes in Patients With Critical Limb Ischemia
Optional Fields
peripheral vascular disease homocysteine folic acid vitamin B12 critical limb ischemia revascularization endovascular intervention stent bypass surgery PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL-DISEASE RISK-FACTORS FOLIC-ACID ENDOTHELIAL DYSFUNCTION HOMOCYSTEINE LEVELS PLASMA HOMOCYSTEINE OCCLUSIVE DISEASE METHIONINE LOAD AMPUTATION-FREE BYPASS
Purpose: To assess the outcome of patients with medically treated hyperhomocysteinemia (HHC) requiring intervention for critical limb ischemia (CLI).Methods: A parallel observational study was conducted to compare the clinical and revascularization outcomes of CLI patients who received standardized treatment for HHC preoperatively (folic acid and vitamin B12) vs. contemporaneous patients with normal homocysteine levels. The threshold for HHC diagnosis was 13.0 mu mol/L. From 2009 to 2011, 169 patients underwent revascularization procedures for CLI. Of these, all 66 patients (40 men; mean age 69.6 +/- 11.2 years) with HHC (mean 17.3 mu mol/L, range 13.5-34.9) were treated to normalize the homocysteine level prior to lower limb revascularization. The remaining 103 patients (58 men; mean age 72.7 +/- 8.1 years) had normal homocysteine levels (8.2 mu mol/L, range 5-12.3) before revascularization. The primary endpoint was symptomatic and hemodynamic improvement in the treated HHC group. The secondary endpoints were all-cause survival, binary restenosis, reintervention, amputation-free survival, and major adverse events. The treated HHC cohort was compared to an age/sex-matched historical group of patients with untreated HHC from 2002 to 2006 before HHC pretreatment became routine. All interventions (endovascular, hybrid, and open) were performed by the same surgeon, and the groups were evenly matched.Results: Patients with HHC were treated for a mean 12.2 days, which significantly reduced their mean homocysteine level after 3 weeks to 10.1 mu mol/L (range 6.2-14.4, p<0.05). After revascularization, immediate clinical improvement was similar between normal homocysteine and medically corrected HHC groups. There was no significant difference in time to binary restenosis (p=0.822). Secondary endpoints and all-cause mortality were similar. Multivariate logistic regression showed that untreated HHC was a significant factor for graft occlusion and limb loss (p<0.0001), but medically corrected HHC was no longer predictive of adverse operative outcome.Conclusion: Patients with medically corrected HHC have similar outcomes compared to those with normal homocysteine levels. Thus, aggressively treating HHC with folic acid and vitamin 1312 may help enhance the clinical outcome of CLI patients undergoing revascularization. J Endovasc Ther. 2012;19:815-825
Grant Details
Publication Themes