Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
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Rashid, B,Destrade, M,Gilchrist, MD
Proceedings Of The Institution Of Mechanical Engineers Part P-Journal Of Sports Engineering And Technology
A high rate tension device for characterizing brain tissue
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Traumatic brain injury tensile shear strain axon impact FINITE-ELEMENT MODELS HUMAN HEAD SLICE CULTURES INJURY STRETCH IMPACT
The mechanical characterization of brain tissue at high loading velocities is vital for understanding and modeling traumatic brain injury. The most severe form of traumatic brain injury is diffuse axonal injury, which involves damage to individual nerve cells (neurons). Diffuse axonal injury in animals and humans occurs at strains > 10% and strain rates > 10 s(-1). The mechanical properties of brain tissues at these strains and strain rates are of particular significance, as they can be used in finite element human head models to accurately predict brain injuries under different impact conditions. Existing conventional tensile testing machines can only achieve maximum loading velocities of 500 mm/min, whereas the Kolsky bar apparatus is more suitable for strain rates > 100 s(-1). In this study, a custom-designed high rate tension device is developed and calibrated to estimate the mechanical properties of brain tissue in tension at strain rates <= 90 s(-1), while maintaining a uniform velocity. The range of strain can also be extended to 100% depending on the thickness of a sample. The same apparatus can be used to characterize the dynamic behavior of skin and other soft biological tissues by using appropriately sized load cells with a capacity of 10N and above.
DOI 10.1177/1754337112436900
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