TRANSFER RADICAL POLYMERIZATION
FRAGMENTATION CHAIN TRANSFER
CONTROLLED DISPERSION POLYMERIZATION
TRANSFER RAFT POLYMERIZATION
A new protocol for preparation of thermoresponsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide, NIPAM) containing block copolymers is described. It involves two successive heterogeneous controlled/living nitroxide-mediated polymerizations (NMPs) in supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO(2)) using N-tert-butyl-N-[1-diethylphosphono-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)]nitroxide (SG1), as the nitroxide. Precipitation NMPs give narrow dispersity macroinitiators (MIs), and a first report of the controlled/living polymerization of N,N-dimethylacrylamide (DMA) in scCO(2) is described. The MI is then used in an inverse suspension NMP of NIPAM in scCO(2) resulting in the efficient preparation of block copolymers containing DMA, tert-butyl acrylate and styrene. Aqueous cloud point temperature analysis for poly(DMA)-b-poly(NIPAM) and poly(acrylic acid)-b-poly(NIPAM) shows a significant dependence on poly(NIPAM) chain length for a given AB block copolymer. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.