Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Rokita, KI,Dauvermann, MR,Mothersill, D,Holleran, L,Holland, J,Costello, L,Cullen, C,Kane, R,McKernan, D,Morris, DW,Kelly, J,Gill, M,Corvin, A,Hallahan, B,McDonald, C,Donohoe, G
Journal of clinical psychology
Childhood trauma, parental bonding, and social cognition in patients with schizophrenia and healthy adults
Optional Fields
childhood trauma emotion recognition parental bonding schizophrenia social cognition Theory of Mind PSYCHOSIS ATTACHMENT VALIDITY QUESTIONNAIRE MALTREATMENT ADVERSITIES PREVALENCE DEFICITS EMOTION VERSION
Objective This study investigated associations between childhood trauma, parental bonding, and social cognition (i.e., Theory of Mind and emotion recognition) in patients with schizophrenia and healthy adults. Methods Using cross-sectional data, we examined the recollections of childhood trauma experiences and social cognitive abilities in 74 patients with schizophrenia and 116 healthy adults. Results Patients had significantly higher scores compared with healthy participants on childhood trauma, and lower scores on parental bonding and social cognitive measures. Physical neglect was found to be the strongest predictor of emotion recognition impairments in both groups. Optimal parental bonding attenuated the impact of childhood trauma on emotion recognition. Conclusion The present study provides evidence of an association between physical neglect and emotion recognition in patients with schizophrenia and healthy individuals and shows that both childhood trauma and parental bonding may influence social cognitive development. Psychosocial interventions should be developed to prevent and mitigate the long-term effects of childhood adversities.
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