Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Thomas A;Okine BN;Finn DP;Masocha W;
2020
June
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & Pharmacotherapie
Peripheral deficiency and antiallodynic effects of 2-arachidonoyl glycerol in a mouse model of paclitaxel-induced neuropathic pain.
Published
()
Optional Fields
129
Modulation of the endocannabinoid system has been shown to alleviate neuropathic pain. The aim of this study was to evaluate if treatment with paclitaxel, a chemotherapeutic agent that induces neuropathic pain, affects endocannabinoid levels at a time when mice develop paclitaxel-induced mechanical allodynia. We also evaluated the peripheral antiallodynic activity of the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG) and an inhibitor of monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL), an enzyme responsible for 2-AG hydrolysis. Female BALB/c mice were treated intraperitoneally with paclitaxel to induce mechanical allodynia. Levels of the endocannabinoids, N-arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide, AEA), 2-AG, and the N-acylethanolamines (NAEs), N-palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) and N-oleoylethanolamide (OEA), which are structurally-related to AEA, in the brain, spinal cord and paw skin were measured using LC-MS/MS. Protein expression of MAGL in the paw skin was measured using Wes┬┐. The effects of subcutaneous (s.c.) injection of 2-AG and JZL184 (a MAGL inhibitor) into the right hind paw of mice with paclitaxel-induced mechanical allodynia were assessed using the dynamic plantar aesthesiometer. The effects of pretreatment, s.c., into the right hind paw, with cannabinoid type 1 (CB1) receptor antagonist AM251 and CB2 receptor antagonist AM630 on the antiallodynic effects of 2-AG were also evaluated. The levels of 2-AG were reduced only in the paw skin of paclitaxel-treated mice, whilst the levels of AEA, PEA and OEA were not significantly altered. There was no change in the expression of MAGL in the paw skin. Administration of 2-AG and JZL184 produced antiallodynic effects against paclitaxel-induced mechanical allodynia in the injected right paw, but did not affect the uninjected left paw. The antiallodynic activity of 2-AG was antagonized by both AM251 and AM630. These results indicate that during paclitaxel-induced mechanical allodynia there is a deficiency of 2-AG in the periphery, but not in the CNS. Increasing 2-AG in the paw by local administration of 2-AG or a MAGL inhibitor, alleviates mechanical allodynia in a CB1 and CB2 receptor-dependent manner.
1950-6007
10.1016/j.biopha.2020.110456
Grant Details
Publication Themes