Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Howard, S,Hughes, BM
2012
January
Psychology & Health
Construct, concurrent and discriminant validity of Type D personality in the general population: Associations with anxiety, depression, stress and cardiac output
Published
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Optional Fields
Type D personality health neuroticism introversion cardiac output CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE IMPAIRED HEALTH-STATUS QUALITY-OF-LIFE CARDIOVASCULAR REACTIVITY HOSPITAL ANXIETY ELUTING STENTS BLOOD-PRESSURE MORTALITY INHIBITION SCALE
27
242
258
The Type D personality, identified by high negative affectivity paired with high social inhibition, has been associated with a number of health-related outcomes in (mainly) cardiac populations. However, despite its prevalence in the health-related literature, how this personality construct fits within existing personality theory has not been directly tested. Using a sample of 134 healthy university students, this study examined the Type D personality in terms of two well-established personality traits; introversion and neuroticism. Construct, concurrent and discriminant validity of this personality type was established through examination of the associations between the Type D personality and psychometrically assessed anxiety, depression and stress, as well as measurement of resting cardiovascular function. Results showed that while the Type D personality was easily represented using alternative measures of both introversion and neuroticism, associations with anxiety, depression and stress were mainly accounted for by neuroticism. Conversely, however, associations with resting cardiac output were attributable to the negative affectivity-social inhibition synergy, explicit within the Type D construct. Consequently, both the construct and concurrent validity of this personality type were confirmed, with discriminant validity evident on examination of physiological indices of well-being.
DOI 10.1080/08870446.2011.603423
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