Individuals living with type 1 diabetes mellitus may experience an increased risk of long bone fracture. These fractures are often slow to heal, resulting in delayed reunion or non-union. It is reasonable to theorize that the underlying cause of these diabetes-associated osteopathies is faulty repair dynamics as a result of compromised bone marrow progenitor cell function. Here it was hypothesized that the administration of non-diabetic, human adult bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) would enhance diabetic fracture healing. Human MSCs were locally introduced to femur fractures in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice, and the quality of de novo bone was assessed eight weeks later. Biodistribution analysis demonstrated that the cells remained in situ for three days following administration. Bone bridging was evident in all animals. However, a large reparative callus was retained, indicating non-union. µCT analysis elucidated comparable callus dimensions, bone mineral density, bone volume/total volume, and volume of mature bone in all groups that received cells as compared to the saline-treated controls. Four-point bending evaluation of flexural strength, flexural modulus, and total energy to re-fracture did not indicate a statistically significant change as a result of cellular administration. An ex vivo lymphocytic proliferation recall assay indicated that the xenogeneic administration of human cells did not result in an immune response by the murine recipient. Due to this dataset, the administration of non-diabetic bone marrow-derived MSCs did not support fracture healing in this pilot study.