Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Swan D;Gurney M;Krawczyk J;Ryan AE;O'Dwyer M;
2020
April
Hemasphere
Beyond DNA Damage: Exploring the Immunomodulatory Effects of Cyclophosphamide in Multiple Myeloma.
Published
Optional Fields
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The alkylating agent cyclophosphamide has been used in the treatment of multiple myeloma for over 60 years. At low doses, cyclophosphamide also has significant immunomodulatory activity, which can be used to modify the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment in order to augment responses to existing therapies. Immune-mediated therapies are becoming more widespread in modern approaches to myeloma treatment. In this review, we discuss the effects cyclophosphamide has on the immune system, and how it can be used synergistically with other treatment modalities including the immunomodulatory agents, monoclonal antibodies and cellular therapies.
2572-9241
10.1097/HS9.0000000000000350
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