SP KMM 634
The chemical structures of polysaccharides and LPS core oligosaccharides, isolated from various Gram-negative marine bacteria from the genera Pseudoalteromonas and Shewanella belonging to the Alteromonadaceae family and gamma-subclass of Proteobacteria, are reviewed. The polysaccharides are distinguished by the acidic character (e.g., due to the presence of hexuronic and aldulosonic acids and their derivatives) and the occurrence of unusual sugars, including N-acyl derivatives of 6-deoxyamino sugars, such as N-acetyl-D-quinovosamine, N-acetyl-L-fucosamine and N-acetyl-6-deoxy-L-talosamine, and higher sugars like 2,6-dideoxy-2-acetamido-4-C-(3'-carboxamide-2',2'-dihydroxypropyl)-D-galactopyranose (shewanellose). Many constituent sugars have various uncommon non-sugar substituents, such as alanine, formic, lactic and hydroxybutyric acids, sulfate, phosphate, and 2-aminopropane-1,3-diol. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.