Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Hession, H,Byrne, M,Cleary, S,Andersson, KG,Roed, J
Journal Of Environmental Radioactivity
Measurement of contaminant removal from skin using a portable fluorescence scanning system
Optional Fields
fluorescence scanning particles dose assessment skin clearance
The residence time of particulate contamination on the human body is a factor that has an important impact on the accuracy of exposure assessment in the aftermath of an accidental release of radionuclides to the atmosphere, Measurements of particle clearance from human skin were made using an illumination system to excite fluorescence in labelled silica particles and a CCD camera and image processing system to detect this fluorescence. The illumination system consists of high-intensity light emitting diodes (LEDS) of suitable wavelengths arranged on a portable stand. The physically small size of the LEDs allows them to be positioned close to the fluorescing surface, thus maximising the fluorescent signal that can be obtained. The limit of detection was found to be 50 mu g of tracer particle per cm(2).Experiments were carried out to determine the clearance rates of 10 mu m and 3 mu m particles from the skin. Results show that, in the absence of any mechanical rubbing of the skin, the clearance of particles from the skin followed an approximately exponential decay with a half-time of 1.5-7.8 h. Skin hairiness and degree of human movement were found, in addition to particle size, to have an important influence on particle fall-off rate. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2004.07.008
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