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Dutt, A,McDonald, C,Dempster, E,Prata, D,Shaikh, M,Williams, I,Schulze, K,Marshall, N,Walshe, M,Allin, M,Collier, D,Murray, R,Bramon, E
2009
November
The effect of COMT, BDNF, 5-HTT, NRG1 and DTNBP1 genes on hippocampal and lateral ventricular volume in psychosis
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Bipolar endophenotypes genes hippocampus schizophrenia ventricles CATECHOL-O-METHYLTRANSFERASE FAMILY-BASED ASSOCIATION NONFAMILIAL SCHIZOPHRENIC PROBANDS BIPOLAR AFFECTIVE-DISORDER NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR GENE SEROTONIN TRANSPORTER NO ASSOCIATION VAL66MET POLYMORPHISM UNAFFECTED RELATIVES CANDIDATE GENES
Background. Morphometric endophenotypes which have been proposed for psychotic disorders include lateral ventricular enlargement and hippocampal volume reductions. Genetic epidemiological studies Support an overlap between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, and COMT, BDNF, 5-HTT, NRG1 and DTNBP1 genes have been implicated in the aetiology of both these disorders. This study examined associations between these candidate genes and morphometric endophenotypes for psychosis.Method. A total of 383 subjects (128 patients with psychosis, 194 of their unaffected relatives and 61 healthy controls) from the Maudsley Family Psychosis Study underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging and genotyping. The effect of candidate genes on brain morphometry was examined using linear regression models adjusting for clinical group, age, sex and correlations between members of the same family.Results. The results showed no evidence of association between variation in COMT genotype and lateral ventricular, and left or right hippocampal volumes. Neither was there any effect of the BDNF, 5-HTTLPR, NRG1 and DTNBP1 genotypes on these regional brain Volumes.Conclusions. Abnormal hippocampal and lateral ventricular volumes are among the most replicated endophenotypes for psychosis; however, the influences of COMT, BDNF, 5-HTT, NRG1 and DTNBP1 genes on these key brain regions must be very subtle if at all present.
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DOI 10.1017/S0033291709990316
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