Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Daly, W,Yao, L,Zeugolis, D,Windebank, A,Pandit, A
2012
February
Journal Of The Royal Society Interface
A biomaterials approach to peripheral nerve regeneration: bridging the peripheral nerve gap and enhancing functional recovery
Published
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Optional Fields
peripheral nerve conduit topographical guidance molecular therapy Schwann cells stem cells neurotrophic factors MESENCHYMAL STEM-CELLS GLYCOLIC ACID) CONDUITS CROSS-LINKED GELATIN IN-VIVO EVALUATION SCHWANN-CELLS NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR GUIDANCE CHANNELS GROWTH-FACTOR AXONAL REGENERATION COLLAGEN FILAMENTS
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Microsurgical techniques for the treatment of large peripheral nerve injuries (such as the gold standard autograft) and its main clinically approved alternative-hollow nerve guidance conduits (NGCs)-have a number of limitations that need to be addressed. NGCs, in particular, are limited to treating a relatively short nerve gap (4 cm in length) and are often associated with poor functional recovery. Recent advances in biomaterials and tissue engineering approaches are seeking to overcome the limitations associated with these treatment methods. This review critically discusses the advances in biomaterial-based NGCs, their limitations and where future improvements may be required. Recent developments include the incorporation of topographical guidance features and/or intraluminal structures, which attempt to guide Schwann cell (SC) migration and axonal regrowth towards their distal targets. The use of such strategies requires consideration of the size and distribution of these topographical features, as well as a suitable surface for cell-material interactions. Likewise, cellular and molecular-based therapies are being considered for the creation of a more conductive nerve microenvironment. For example, hurdles associated with the short half-lives and low stability of molecular therapies are being surmounted through the use of controlled delivery systems. Similarly, cells (SCs, stem cells and genetically modified cells) are being delivered with biomaterial matrices in attempts to control their dispersion and to facilitate their incorporation within the host regeneration process. Despite recent advances in peripheral nerve repair, there are a number of key factors that need to be considered in order for these new technologies to reach the clinic.
DOI 10.1098/rsif.2011.0438
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