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O'Sullivan, GJ,Lohan, DG,Gough, N,Cronin, CG,Kee, ST
J Vasc Interv Radiol
Pharmacomechanical thrombectomy of acute deep vein thrombosis with the Trellis-8 isolated thrombolysis catheter
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PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of the Trellis-8 isolated thrombolysis catheter during single-session pharmacomechanical thrombectomy (PMT) combined with low-dose thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator (TPA) in the treatment of patients with acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and multiple comorbidities.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed of 19 consecutive patients with acute above-knee DVT treated by PMT with the Trellis device followed by venous angioplasty and stent placement. Isolated thrombolysis with low-dose TPA was used with all patients. Concurrent therapies included retrievable inferior vena cava filter insertion (n = 4). The primary endpoint was restoration of rapid inline venous flow; the secondary endpoint was thrombus clearance.RESULTS: Restoration of rapid inline venous flow was achieved in all cases; thrombus removal was less than 50% in one case (4%), 50%-95% in 18 cases (82%), and at least 95% in three cases (14%). The median administered dose of TPA was 13.4 mg per patient. The mean treatment time was 91 minutes per limb (range, 61-129 min), with a mean of 21 minutes per thrombosed segment (range, 8-31 min). There were no major complications. Primary patency rate of the treated venous segments at 2 days was 86% (n = 19) and the primary assisted patency rate was 100% at 30 days. Two patients died of advanced malignancy at 17 and 24 days.CONCLUSIONS: The Trellis system was an effective method for the treatment of acute DVT. Based on the present data, the Trellis system could prove to be a safe and feasible single-session PMT method for the treatment of acute DVT in a broader patient population and warrants further investigation in a large-scale study.
DOI 10.1016/j.jvir.2007.03.013
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