Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Stocca, A,O'Toole, D,Hynes, N,Hynes, SO,Mashayekhi, K,McGinley, L,O'Connell, E,Coleman, C,Sultan, S,Duffy, A,Tunev, S,O'Brien, T
2012
April
Atherosclerosis
A Role for MRP8 in in stent restenosis in diabetes
Published
()
Optional Fields
Diabetes mellitus In stent restenosis Endothelium DRUG-ELUTING STENTS TRANSLUMINAL CORONARY ANGIOPLASTY ZUCKER RAT COMPLEX INJURY IMPLANTATION RECEPTOR DIFFERENTIATION PREDICTORS ACTIVATION
221
325
332
Objective: The most common cause of death in diabetes mellitus is cardiovascular disease. Patients frequently undergo vascular intervention such as stenting. The occurrence of in stent restenosis (ISR) has been reduced by the use of drug eluting stents in non-diabetic patients but the incidence of restenosis and stent thrombosis remains higher in diabetic patients. We investigated the pathogenesis of in stent restenosis in an animal model of type 2 diabetes mellitus.Methods and results: Stents were placed in Zucker Fatty Rat (ZFR) and wild type rat carotid arteries, and tissues were harvested 14 days post surgery for morphometric analysis. Unstented carotid arteries from both groups were harvested for microarray analysis. In vitro apoptosis, proliferation and migration assays were performed on Rat and Human Aortic Endothelial Cells (EC).ZFRs developed an exaggerated intimal response to stent placement compared to wild type controls 14 days post stent placement. MRP8 and MRP14 were up-regulated in unstented ZFR carotid arteries in comparison to controls. Expression of MRP8/14 was also elevated in EC exposed to high glucose conditions. EC function was impaired by high glucose concentrations, and this effect could be mimicked by MRP8 over-expression. MRP8 knockdown by shRNA significantly restored EC function after exposure to high glucose concentrations. MRP8 expression in glucose exposed cells was also inhibited using pharmacological blockade of glucose-induced pathways.Conclusions: EC dysfunction caused by elevated glucose levels could be mimicked by MRP8/14 over-expression and reversed/prevented by MRP8 knockdown. Thus, MRP8/14 likely plays a role in exaggerated ISR in diabetes mellitus, and MRP8 inhibition may be useful in improving outcome after stent placement in diabetes mellitus. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2012.01.036
Grant Details
Publication Themes