Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Eli Gimmon and Jonathan Levie
Academy of Management Discoveries
Early Indicators of Very Long Term Venture Performance: A 20 Year Panel Study
In Press
Optional Fields
Founding conditions, long-term performance, new high technology ventures, early product/market fit
This paper discovers early indicators of very long term performance of high technology new ventures (HTNVs). We tracked the progress of a sample of 142 HTNVs founded at the Israeli government’s Technology Incubator Program (ITIP) in the 1990s through 2001, 2004, 2010 and 2018. The results demonstrate a surprisingly strong effect of early sales traction, signifying achievement of early product/market fit in a HTNV’s earliest years, on long term (a decade) and very long term (two decades) survival, and also on survival-at-scale (i.e. relatively high sales levels). In our sample, HTNVs that made sales in each of their earliest years reduced the hazard of closure, over a 20 year period, by around ninety per cent compared with HTNVs who made no sales in their earliest years. It also significantly increased the chances of survival-at-scale among those HTNVs that survived over the long or very long term. In contrast, the effect of early external investment on survival was positive in the short to medium term but then faded over time. We propose an underlying mechanism that would explain the surprising finding of distal effects of early product/market fit, that builds on imprinting theory, resourcing theory and the concept of market-based assets.
Grant Details
Publication Themes
Applied Social Sciences and Public Policy