Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Tweedie, M;Macquart, A;Almeida, J;Ward, B;Maguire, P
2020
June
Measurement Science And Technology
Metered reagent injection into microfluidic continuous flow sampling for conductimetric ocean dissolved inorganic carbon sensing
Published
Optional Fields
IN-SITU SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS ANALYZER CO2 SENSOR MARINE WATERS SHELF PH
31
Continuous autonomous measurement of total dissolved inorganic carbon (TCO2) in the oceans is critical for climate change modelling and ocean acidification measurement. A microfluidic conductivity-based approach will permit integration of miniaturised chemical analysis systems into Argo ocean floats, for long-term, high-accuracy depth profiling of dissolved CO2 with minimal reagent payload. Precise metering, suitable for sample acidification and CO2 liberation, is addressed. Laser etched microfluidic snake channel restrictors and asymmetric Y-meters were fabricated, with channel dimensions down to similar to 75 mu m, to adjust metering ratios between seawater and acid simulants. Hydrodynamic resistances, from flow versus pressure measurements, were compared with finite element simulations for various cross-section profiles and areas. Microfluidic metering circuits were constructed from various resistance snake channels and Y-junction components. Sample to acid volume ratios (meter ratio) up to 100:1 have been achieved with 300 mu m wide snake channels for lengths >m. At highest resolution, the footprint would be >600 mm(2). Circuits based solely on asymmetric Y-junctions gave maximum meter ratios of 16:1 with a footprint of <40 mm(2) and similar to 0.2% precision. Further refinement is required to ensure the integrity of such small channels in integration of metering units into full TCO2 analysis microfluidic circuits.
0957-0233
10.1088/1361-6501/ab7405
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