Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Gallagher, LA;Shears, RK;Fingleton, C;Alvarez, L;Waters, EM;Clarke, J;Bricio-Moreno, L;Campbell, C;Yadav, AK;Razvi, F;O'Neill, E;O'Neill, AJ;Cava, F;Fey, PD;Kadioglu, A;O'Gara, JP
2020
March
Journal Of Infectious Diseases
Impaired Alanine Transport or Exposure to D-Cycloserine Increases the Susceptibility of MRSA to beta-lactam Antibiotics
Published
Optional Fields
RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS-AUREUS CHLORO-D-ALANINE METHICILLIN RESISTANCE ESCHERICHIA-COLI PEPTIDOGLYCAN EXPRESSION PENICILLIN (P)PPGPP MUTANTS VANCOMYCIN
221
1006
1016
Prolonging the clinical effectiveness of beta-lactams, which remain first-line antibiotics for many infections, is an important part of efforts to address antimicrobial resistance. We report here that inactivation of the predicted D-cycloserine (DCS) transporter gene cycA resensitized methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) to beta-lactam antibiotics. The cycA mutation also resulted in hypersusceptibility to DCS, an alanine analogue antibiotic that inhibits alanine racemase and D-alanine ligase required for D-alanine incorporation into cell wall peptidoglycan. Alanine transport was impaired in the cycA mutant, and this correlated with increased susceptibility to oxacillin and DCS. The cycA mutation or exposure to DCS were both associated with the accumulation of muropeptides with tripeptide stems lacking the terminal D-ala-D-ala and reduced peptidoglycan cross-linking, prompting us to investigate synergism between beta-lactams and DCS. DCS resensitized MRSA to beta-lactams in vitro and significantly enhanced MRSA eradication by oxacillin in a mouse bacteremia model. These findings reveal alanine transport as a new therapeutic target to enhance the susceptibility of MRSA to beta-lactam antibiotics.
0022-1899
10.1093/infdis/jiz542
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