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Mandatory Fields
Brennan, M,O'Shea, PM,O'Keeffe, ST,Mulkerrin, EC
Journal Of Nutrition Health & Aging
Spontaneous Insufficiency Fractures
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Spontaneous insufficiency fractures osteoporosis older people LONG BONES BISPHOSPHONATES SARCOPENIA FEATURES
Spontaneous insufficiency fractures are caused by normal or physiological stress on weakened bone. The leading cause of insufficiency fractures is osteoporosis which has a propensity to affect older patients. Other causes or associated factors are disorders which affect bone metabolism, collagen formation, bone remodelling and medications such as bisphosphonates and glucocorticoids. Pathological fractures and abuse are important causes of unexplained fractures which warrant careful consideration. Spontaneous fractures of the long bones affect on average 1% of nursing home residents per year and tend to occur in patients who are bed-bound with joint contractures. Preventative measures for spontaneous insufficiency fractures include optimising nutrition to include an adequate intake of protein, calcium and vitamin D, maintaining mobility and preventing long periods of bed-rest and treatment of underlying pre-disposing conditions.
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