Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Donlon, PT,Fallahi, H,Beard, WL,Shahzad, A,Heflin, L,Cox, W,Bloomberg, B,Lillic, JD,Ganta, CK,O'Sullivan, GJ,Ruvio, G,O'Shea, PM,O'Halloran, M,Prakash, P,Dennedy, MC
International Journal Of Hyperthermia
Using microwave thermal ablation to develop a subtotal, cortical-sparing approach to the management of primary aldosteronism
Optional Fields
Adrenal primary aldosteronism microwave thermal ablation hypertension adrenocortical function RADIOFREQUENCY ABLATION LAPAROSCOPIC ADRENALECTOMY CLINICAL-OUTCOMES ADENOMA EXPRESSION MUTATIONS CORTEX AGE
Objective: To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of localized, subtotal, cortical-sparing microwave thermal ablation (MTA) as a potential curative management for primary aldosteronism. The study investigated with equal importance the selected ablation of small volumes of adrenal cortex while sparing adjacent cortex. Method: An in-vivo study was carried out in swine (n = 8) where MTA was applied under direct visualization, to the adrenal glands at 45 W or 70 W for 60 s, using a lateral, side-firing probe and a non-penetrative approach. Animals were survived for 48 h post-procedurally. Animals were investigated for markers of histological, immunohistochemical and biochemical evidence of adrenal function and adrenal damage by assessing samples drawn intra-operatively and at the time of euthanasia. Results: Selected MTA (70 W for 60 s) successfully ablated small adrenocortical volumes (similar to 0.8 cm(3)) characterized by coagulative necrosis and abnormal expression of functional markers (CYP11B1 and CYP17). Non-ablated, adjacent cortex was not affected and preserved normal expression of functional markers, without increased expression of markers of heat damage (HSP-70 and HMGB-1). Limited adrenal medullary damage was demonstrated histologically, clinically and biochemically. Conclusion: MTA offers potential as an efficient methodology for delivering targeted subtotal cortical-sparing adrenal ablation. Image-guided targeted MTA may also represent a safe future modality for curative management of PA, in the setting of both unilateral and bilateral disease.
Grant Details
Publication Themes