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Reilly, JC;Houghton, C
The experiences and perceptions of care in acute settings for patients living with dementia: A qualitative evidence synthesis
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Background: Increasing numbers of people with dementia are presenting to acute care facilities for management of medical conditions and co-morbidities. They require an individual approach to care due to the confusion and disorientation which may accompany their illness. Current evidence syntheses on this topic explore how staff, family and carers view their care. This review aims to complement previous work in the area by exploring care from the perspective of the patient living with dementia.Objectives: The aim of this qualitative evidence synthesis was to explore the experiences and perceptions of patients living with dementia on the care they receive in acute settings.Design: Qualitative evidence synthesis systematically draws the findings from individual studies together to create valid, reliable and meaningful evidence for healthcare policy development. Framework synthesis was utilised and guided by the VIPS framework; Values, Individualised, Perspective, and Social and psychological. The VIPS framework has previously been used for exploring staffs' views of care in the acute setting and provides guidance to caring for people with dementia.Review methods: Following screening, data were extracted and appraised using Critical Appraisal Skills Programme. Framework synthesis, incorporating thematic synthesis, was conducted and the confidence in findings was assessed using GRADE CERQual.Data sources: Seven qualitative studies that explored care in acute hospitals as experienced or perceived by the person living with dementia.Results: The VIPS framework helped to capture views of care. Patients often experienced rushed and task-based approaches, poor communication, and exclusion in some cases. The environments were clearly unsuitable, sometimes exacerbating behaviours of concern, thus leading to unnecessary restraint due to an inability to protect this group.Conclusions: Further research needs to be conducted in testing existing or developing new interventions to improve the physical environment, the systems of care and to provide more person-centred approaches to care. Organisational structures must ensure patients are cared for in a dementia friendly environment by a dementia trained workforce. At local level, involving support workers, eliminating unnecessary care practices, and facilitating individual choices of patients are recommended. (C) 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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