Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Jones, M,McDermott, B,Oliveira, BL,O'Brien, A,Coogan, D,Lang, M,Moriarty, N,Dowd, E,Leo, QL,Mc Ginley, B,Dunne, E,Newell, D,Porter, E,Elahi, MA,O' Halloran, M,Shahzad, A
2019
January
Journal Of Alzheimers Disease
Gamma Band Light Stimulation in Human Case Studies: Groundwork for Potential Alzheimer's Disease Treatment
Published
Optional Fields
40 Hz Alzheimer's disease gamma band human study light stimulus MODULATED TONES RESPONSES PHASE EEG ACTIVATION MANAGEMENT ATTENTION EPILEPSY CORTEX
70
171
185
Background: It is known that proteins associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis are significantly reduced by 40 Hz entrainment in mice. If this were to translate to humans, verifying that such a light stimulus can induce a 40 Hz entrainment response in humans and harnessing insights from these case studies could be one step in the development of a multisensory device to prevent and treat AD.Objective: Verify the inducement of a 40 Hz response in the human brain by a 40 Hz light stimulus and obtain insights that could potentially aid in the development of a multisensory device for the prevention and treatment of AD.Methods: Electroencephalographic brain activity was recorded simultaneously with application of stimulus at different frequencies and intensities. Power spectral densities were analyzed.Results: Entrainment to visual stimuli occurred with the largest response at 40 Hz. The high intensity 40 Hz stimulus caused widespread entrainment. The number of electrodes demonstrating entrainment increased with increasing light intensity. Largest amplitudes for the high intensity 40 Hz stimulus were consistently found at the primary visual cortex. There was a harmonic effect at double the frequency for the 40 Hz stimulus. An eyes-open protocol caused more entrainment than an eyes-closed protocol.Conclusion: It was possible to induce widespread entrainment using a 40 Hz light stimulus in this sample cohort. Insights gleaned from these case studies could potentially aid in the development of a multisensory medical device to prevent and treat AD.
10.3233/JAD-190299
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