Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Agrawal, A;McHale, J;Oettl, A
2019
June
Research Policy
Does scientist immigration harm US science? An examination of the knowledge spillover channel
Published
Optional Fields
MOBILITY FLOWS
48
1248
1259
The recruitment of foreign-trained scientists enhances US science through an expanded workforce but could also cause harm by displacing better connected domestically-trained scientists, thereby reducing localized knowledge spillovers. We develop a model in which a sufficient condition for the absence of overall harm is that foreign trained scientists generate at least the same level of localized spillovers as the domestically-trained scientists they displace. To test this condition, we conduct a hypothetical experiment in which each foreign-trained displaces an appropriately matched domestically-trained scientist. Overall, we do not find evidence that foreign trained scientists harm US science by crowding out better-connected domestically-trained scientists, measured by citations by the US scientific community to their publications.
0048-7333
10.1016/j.respol.2019.01.005
Grant Details
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