Dissolved reactive phosphorus (DRP) is the most available P form in sediments and often directly controls phytoplankton blooms in aquatic systems. In this study, a novel procedure was developed for two-dimensional (2D) measurement of DRP in sediments at a spatial resolution of 0.45 mm using the diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) technique with a revised high-capacity binding phase (Zr oxide gel). This procedure involves DGT uptake of P in sediments, 2D slicing of the binding gel on a 0.45 x 0.45-mm grid system, elution of P from each gel square with 1 MNaOH, and microcolorimetric determination of DRP in each eluted solution using 384-microwell plates. Measurements of DRP via this procedure were tested in homogeneous solutions and sediments and produced an acceptable error (<20% relative standard deviation) for the analysis once the accumulated mass of P in each gel square reached 1.2 mu g cm(-2). This method was successfully applied to produce 2D images of the DRP distribution in sediments with and without the influence of tubificid worm bioturbation, revealing a much more pronounced and localized impact from tubificid worms than that found using a one-dimensional measurement of pore water DRP concentrations at 1-cm resolution.