This case study describes a multi-disciplinary investigation of the emergence from coma of an 80-year old female (KE) following severe traumatic brain injury. The relationship between cognitive/behavioural ability and the integrity of cerebral function was assessed using neuropsychological measures, positron emission tomography, electroencephalography, somatosensory evoked potentials and trans-cranial magnetic stimulation. These investigations were performed as KE was beginning to emerge from coma (4 weeks) and, again, similar to 1 year following brain injury, when she was judged to have achieved her maximum level of recovery. Neuropsychological measures revealed improvement during the first year post-injury in KE's speed of information processing, memory and executive abilities. Electrophysiological and metabolic studies indicated a restoration of functional integrity that was consistent with the gradual recovery in higher brain function documented using behavioural procedures. This case study demonstrates the rehabilitation potential of pre-morbidly healthy older adults following severe traumatic brain injury.