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Mandatory Fields
Reviews
O'Connell, S;Bashar, K;Broderick, BJ;Sheehan, J;Quondamatteo, F;Walsh, SR;OLaighin, G;Quinlan, LR
2016
May
The Use of Intermittent Pneumatic Compression in Orthopedic and Neurosurgical Postoperative Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Published
1
Optional Fields
DEEP-VEIN THROMBOSIS MOLECULAR-WEIGHT HEPARIN VENOUS THROMBOEMBOLISM TOTAL HIP CALF COMPRESSION PREVENTION PROPHYLAXIS DEVICE RISK ARTHROPLASTY
Objective:The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to carry out an up-to-date evaluation on the use of compression devices as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis methods in orthopedic and neurological patients.Summary of Background Data:There is an increased risk of DVT with surgery, particularly in patients who are not expected to mobilize soon after their procedures, such as orthopedic and neurosurgical patients. Compression devices are often employed for DVT prophylaxis in these patients. However, the true efficacy of these devices and the standardization of use with these devices are yet to be established.Methods:Medline, CINAHL, Embase, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane library electronic databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials and observational studies reporting on the use of compression devices for DVT prevention.Results:Nine studies were included for review and meta-analysis. Use of an intermittent pneumatic compression device alone is neither superior nor inferior to chemoprophylaxis.Conclusions:In the absence of large randomized multicenter trials comparing the use of intermittent pneumatic compression or chemoprophylaxis alone to a combination of both treatments, the current evidence supports the use of a combined approach in high-risk surgical patients.
PHILADELPHIA
LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
0003-4932
888
899
10.1097/SLA.0000000000001530
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