Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Dodson, H;Wheatley, SP;Morrison, CG
2007
February
Cell Cycle
Involvement of centrosome amplification in radiation-induced mitotic catastrophe
Published
WOS: 45 ()
Optional Fields
SPINDLE-ASSEMBLY CHECKPOINT DNA-DAMAGE TUMOR-CELLS GENOMIC INSTABILITY IONIZING-RADIATION DEATH P53 APOPTOSIS PROTEIN MUTANT
6
364
370
Cells exposed to ionizing radiation die via different mechanisms, including apoptosis and mitotic catastrophe. To determine the frequency of mitotic catastrophe in tumor cells after irradiation, we used time-lapse imaging to track centrin-1 and histone H2B in U2OS osteosarcoma cells. We observed a dose-dependent increase in the frequency of mitotic catastrophe after irradiation, although a consistent 30% of cell death occurred through mitotic failure at doses from 2-10 Gy. One potential cause of mitotic catastrophe is centrosome amplification, which is induced by irradiation, and which can result in the formation of multipolar mitotic spindles. Up to 60% of mitotic catastrophes occurred in cells with > 2 centrosomes after irradiation. We observed multipolar mitoses in p53(+) and p53(-) tumor cells after irradiation and found that the spindle assembly checkpoint is active in multipolar mitotic cells. However, we did not detect active caspase-3 in multipolar mitoses. These data demonstrate that a significant proportion of cell death induced by ionizing irradiation is through an apoptosis-independent mechanism involving centrosome amplification and mitotic catastrophe.
1538-4101
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