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Mandatory Fields
Reviews
Erxleben, A
2019
February
Mechanistic Studies of Homo- and Heterodinuclear Zinc Phosphoesterase Mimics: What Has Been Learned?
Published
1
Optional Fields
PURPLE ACID-PHOSPHATASE DINUCLEAR ZN(II) COMPLEX ORGANOPHOSPHATE-DEGRADING ENZYME METALLO-BETA-LACTAMASE ACTIVE-SITE CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE ESTER HYDROLYSIS DIESTER CLEAVAGE TRANSITION-STATE PHOSPHODIESTER CLEAVAGE
Phosphoesterases hydrolyze the phosphorus oxygen bond of phosphomono-, di- or triesters and are involved in various important biological processes. Carboxylate and/or hydroxido-bridged dizinc(II) sites are a widespread structural motif in this enzyme class. Much effort has been invested to unravel the mechanistic features that provide the enormous rate accelerations observed for enzymatic phosphate ester hydrolysis and much has been learned by using simple low-molecular-weight model systems for the biological dizinc(II) sites. This review summarizes the knowledge and mechanistic understanding of phosphoesterases that has been gained from biomimetic dizinc(II) complexes, showing the power as well as the limitations of model studies.
LAUSANNE
FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
2296-2646
10.3389/fchem.2019.00082
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