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Cabral, J;Ryan, AE;Griffin, MD;Ritter, T
2018
April
Extracellular vesicles as modulators of wound healing
Published
1
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MESENCHYMAL STEM-CELLS APOPTOTIC BODIES ENHANCE ANGIOGENESIS DENDRITIC CELLS STROMAL CELLS DOUBLE-BLIND T-CELLS EXOSOMES MICROVESICLES MECHANISM
Impaired healing of cutaneous wounds and ulcers continues to have a major impact on the quality of life of millions of people. In recent years, the capacity for stem and progenitor cells to promote wound repair has been investigated with evidence that secreted factors are responsible for the observed therapeutic benefits. This review addresses current evidence in support of stem/progenitor cell-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) as a regenerative therapy for acceleration of wound healing. Encouraging results for local or systemic administration of EVs have been reported in a range of clinically-relevant animal models of cutaneous wounds. Furthermore, a number of plausible mechanisms involving EV-mediated transfer of proteins and RNAs that trigger pro-repair pathways in target cells have been demonstrated experimentally. However, for successful clinical translation in the coming years, further emphasis on standardized experimental protocols, detailed methodological reporting and clear definition of EV-based therapeutic products will be required. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
AMSTERDAM
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
0169-409X
394
406
10.1016/j.addr.2018.01.018
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