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Encyclopedia Entry
Ute Daniel, Peter Gatrell, Oliver Janz, Heather Jones, Jennifer Keene, Alan Kramer, and Bill Nasson (eds),
2018
December
'Demobilization' , in: 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War
Author
Published
1
Optional Fields
military demobilization; veterans; welfare; crystallization of war myths; cultural demobilization
This article describes the military, social, political and cultural aspects of demobilization across the globe in the aftermath of the First World War, 1914-1918.
The end of fighting in 1918 raised hopes for swift and equitable military demobilization amongst soldiers and civilians. The timing and nature of demobilization varied greatly, though, due to practical constraints. Colonial soldiers came last in this waiting game. Wars after the war remobilized others. Demobilization – a massive logistical process – had social, economic, and cultural dimensions. The crystallization of myths within “cultures of defeat” perpetuated wartime enmity or recast it as hatred of the treacherous “enemy within”. The 1920s, in contrast, also saw the gradual emergence of cultural demobilization and internationalism as alternative validations of wartime sacrifice and the weight of mourning.
issued by Freie Universität Berlin
1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War
Ute Daniel, Peter Gatrell, Oliver Janz, Heather Jones, Jennifer Keene, Alan Kramer, and Bill Nasson (eds),
https://encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net/article/demobilization
10.15463/ie1418.11323.
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Humanities in Context