Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Wan, AHL;Snellgrove, DL;Davies, SJ
2017
September
Aquaculture Research
A comparison between marine and terrestrial invertebrate meals for mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio) diets: Impact on growth, haematology and health
Published
Optional Fields
EUROPEAN SEA BASS TROUT ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS FISH-MEAL RAINBOW-TROUT BOMBYX-MORI OREOCHROMIS-NILOTICUS SILKWORM-PUPAE DICENTRARCHUS-LABRAX PROTEIN-CONCENTRATE HYBRID TILAPIA
48
5004
5016
Invertebrate meals (e.g. polychaetes and insects) present novel and sustainable high-quality nutrient sources for use in fish feed formulations. To test this innovative source, an eleven-week feeding trial was conducted evaluating the effects of replacing the fishmeal (FM) component as an example of a superior protein source (FM CTRL) with ragworm meal (RW, Nereis virens) and/or silkworm pupae (SWP, Bombyx mori) in mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio) diets. Three experimental diets with partial replacement of FM (diets: RW+ FM, SWP + FM and RW+SWP+FM) were formulated. All diets were formulated to be iso-nitrogenous, iso-lipidic and iso-energetic. Growth performance and feed utilization indices were assessed, and the feeding trial concluded with the analysis of haematological parameters to provide an indication of carp physiological and health status. Mean weight gain was greatest in mirror carp fed RW+FM (60.83fish(-1)day(-1); P<0.05 vs. all other diets) followed by SWP+FM (40.62gfish(-1)day(-1); P < 0.05 vs. all other diets). The least weight gain was achieved in fish fed FM+SWP+RW+ and FM CTRL (34.34 and 33.96 gfish(-1)day(-1), respectively; not significantly different from each other). Fish fed on RW+FM diet had significantly lower plasma ammonia concentrations than any other dietary groups (P=0.04). Mirror carp fed on SWP+FM diet (111.52units mL(-1)) were observed to have a marked enhancement in alternative complement activity than FM CTRL (79.21units mL(-1), P=0.041). Both ragworm and silkworm pupae meal present attractive sustainable functional feed component in carp diets, with benefits on enhancing growth performance and specific physiological parameters.
1355-557X
10.1111/are.13318
Grant Details
Publication Themes
Environment, Marine and Energy