Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Sullivan, L,Pursell, L,Molcho, M
2018
December
Health Education Research
Evaluation of a theory-based concussion education program for secondary school student-athletes in Ireland
Published
Optional Fields
SPORT-RELATED CONCUSSION RECURRENT CONCUSSION FOOTBALL PLAYERS HOCKEY PLAYERS KNOWLEDGE INTERVENTION PREVENTION BEHAVIOR DEPRESSION BRAIN
33
492
504
Concussion education is an important aspect of concussion prevention. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a novel, theory of planned behavior (TPB)-driven concussion education program on secondary school athletes' concussion-reporting relevant cognitions immediately post-intervention and at 3 months follow-up. Data were collected from 428 secondary school athletes during the 2016-2017 academic year: 229 were assigned to an intervention group of which 59 (25.76%) completed assessments at all timepoints; 199 were assigned to a control group of which 153 (76.88%) completed assessments at all timepoints. Using repeated measures ANOVAs, we examined differences in athletes' concussion-reporting cognitions, by group and gender. The program had a significant positive effect on athletes' knowledge (P < 0.01), perceived behavioral control over concussion recognition and reporting (P < 0.01), and reporting intention (P < 0.01). These results were maintained at 3 months follow-up, with the exception of perceived behavioral control. The program did not have a significant effect on athletes' attitudes toward concussion reporting and subjective reporting norms. Results suggest that the TPB may be a useful framework to inform the development of more effective educational programs. There is a need for multi-layered interventions that aim to create sporting environments that encourage positive concussion care seeking behaviors.
10.1093/her/cyy034
Grant Details
Publication Themes