Conference Contribution Details
Mandatory Fields
Coggins, A.M., Wemken, N., Drage, D.S., Cellarius, C., Cleere, K., Morrison, J., Daly, S., Abdullah, M., Tlusto, C., Harrad, S.,
DioXin 2018
Brominated Flame retardants (BFRs) in human breast milk collected from first time Irish mothers, 2016-2018 ELEVATE
Krakow, Poland
Invited Oral Presentation
Optional Fields
Introduction: This project aims to measure levels of historically used brominated flame retardants (BFRs), hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and as decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE) in pooled samples of human breast milk collected from 110 Irish primiparas. Both PBDEs and HBCDD have been listed as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) under the UNEP Stockholm Convention. HBCDD has been used as a FR in expanded and extruded polystyrene building insulation foams, while PBDEs were used in the production of electrical and electronic equipment such as TVs, and PCs and in the manufacture of soft furnishings such as mattresses, curtains and sofas. Programmes have been implemented to monitor human exposure to various POPs within countries such as Ireland who are signatories to the Stockholm Convention. Such research has shown the presence of PBDEs and HBCDDs in human tissues including blood serum, placenta, liver, adipose tissue and breast milk. POPs are not easily degraded and so can accumulate and persist for long periods of time in the environment and fat-containing foods. Analysis of human breast milk samples collected from primiparas can provide a direct measurement of the human body burden of POPs. In Ireland, the Food Safety Authority of Ireland (FSAI) performed a national survey on POPs in breast milk in 2009. The objective of this study is to replicate as far as possible the sampling strategy of the earlier Irish biomonitoring studies, and compare results to other European countries and previous Irish studies to examine the evidence for temporal reductions in human body burdens in Ireland in response to actions (both legislative and voluntary) designed to reduce human exposure over the last decade.
Publication Themes
Environment, Marine and Energy