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Hung, LC,Goggins, J,Fuente, M,Foley, M
Science Of The Total Environment
Investigation of sub-slab pressure field extension in specified granular fill materials incorporating a sump-based soil depressurisation system for radon mitigation
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Radon Granular fill materials Building construction Soil depressurisation system CFD simulations INDOOR RADON SPAIN AREA
Design of bearing layers (granular fill material layers) is important for a house with a soil depressurisation (SD) system for indoor radon mitigation. These layers should not only satisfy the bearing capacity and serviceability criteria but should also provide a sufficient degree of the air permeability for the system. Previous studies have shown that a critical parameter for a SD system is the sub-slab pressure field extension in the bearing layers, but this issue has not been systematically investigated. A series of two-dimensional computational fluid dynamic simulations that investigate the behaviour of the sub-slab pressure field extension developed in a SD system is presented in this paper. The SD system considered in this paper consists of a granular fill material layer and a radon sump. The granular fill materials are 'T1 Struc' and 'T2 Perm', which are standard materials for building in the Republic of Ireland. Different conditions, which might be encountered in a practical situation, were examined. The results show that the air permeability and thickness of the granular fill materials are the two key factors which affect the sub slab pressure field extension (SPFE) significantly. Furthermore, the air permeability of native soil is found to be a fundamental factor for the SPFE so that it should be well understood when designing a SD system. Therefore, these factors should be considered sufficiently in each practical situation. Finally, a significant improvement of the pressure field extension can be achieved by ensuring air tightness of the SD system. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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